What is IT Security?
IT security involves the combination of strategy and safety measures to prevent organizational operations from being accessed by unauthorized actors, known as hackers, that may disrupt or hold ransom company data integral to the day-to-day workflow of your company. IT security focuses on protecting the confidentiality of sensitive information that may be of interest to hackers.
Methods for penetrating firewalls in order to access IT networks that contain sensitive data are evolving all of the time. Therefore, it is important to stay up-to-date with the latest protective measures and software, which can be time intensive and costly. However, cyber security is becoming one of the most important priorities for small businesses because the devastation of a successful attack can halt a company's operations entirely. Accenture, a world-wide technology consulting firm, released statistics from their research stating, "The average cost in time of a malware attack is 50 days" as well as, "The average cost of a malware attack on a company is $2.4 million."
How does a small business implement cyber security?
The average cost of a malware attack on a company is $2.4 million.
There are many network security strategies that may be implemented in order to protect against cyber crimes. First it is important to understand how your network is utilized and where touch points are with employees. Often times, a IT security breach is the result of human error. The easiest place to start is with email, because it is a common entry point for viruses and attackers that is utilized by most employees.
Threat protection software for email filtering and spam prevention is vital to virus detection, blocking, and remediation. Viruses are spread through emails that often look very legitimate and familiar, but in fact are not email addresses known to the recipient. Hackers will mimic an email address of a co-worker, vendor, or boss to entice the recipient to open the email and download a file, or go to a website that contains the virus. Once accessed, the hacker may download a set of tools that allow them to penetrate the recipient's computer and soon enough, the company network.
Threat protection tools will scan every email received, as well as the attachments and links, for malicious content in order to prevent access by an unknowing recipient. This could save your company endless amounts of time and hassle by preventing unauthorized access to your network.
Ensuring company data has been properly backed up is vital to a successful recovery if your network is compromised. There are many strategies that exist for data backups and depending on your business operations you can settle on one that is affordable and effective. Backing your company's data up daily is one way to create multiple copies of the data that is vital to your everyday operations. It allows you to have a secondary, or more, copy of your system so that if it is locked by ransomware, you are not dependent on paying a fee to access the only copy of your data.
Data backups are utilized to restore data once the system has been compromised. By restoring a version of the database that is not infected, a company can begin operating again with minimal or no loss of data. Offsite backups are often encouraged to ensure that there is redundancy in case a backup is corrupted, as well as protection from natural elements such as fires and tornados that may harm the original backup.